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ORGANISATORS:

Russian School of Anthropogy (RSUH)

Philosophy Department of the Higher School of Economics

St. Petersburg Plato Philosophical Society

Center of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy and Science of the Institute of Philosophy (RAS)

 

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "PLATO AND PLATONISM IN EUROPEAN CULTURE"

September 6-8, 2012

POSTER PAPER

Ovanes Akopyan. Plato and the Renaissance: from prisca theologia to the concordance with Aristotle

K.P. Schevzov. Memory in the philosophy of Plato and Leibniz monadology

Oleg Nogovitsin, St. Petersburg State University . The formal structure of the possibility of practical lie in Plato and Kant


Ovanes Akopyan. Plato and the Renaissance: from prisca theologia to the concordance with Aristotle

The presentation is dedicated to the renovatio of Plato in the Italian Renaissance. As it is widely known, Plato was not almost known in the Middle Ages and his legacy was restored only in XV century thanks to Marsilio Ficino, great Florentine philosopher. Ficino, inspired by Georgios Gemistos Plethon, used Platonic and Neoplatonic texts in his own theological doctrine which central point became the theory of prisca theologia. According to Ficino, there is a consecutive development of theology from ancient authors to the Christianity. To prove this idea, Ficino even made his translations in "chronological" order, and Plato and his disciples were his main sources.

On the other hand, Ficino's friend and contemporary Giovanni Pico della Mirandola proposed another philosophical concept where Plato was considered as one of the most important figures. According to Pico, it is possible to create a "philosophical peace" and to harmonize even quasi opposite philosophies (Avicenna with Averroes, John Duns Scot with Thomas Aquinas, Plato with Aristotle). In his "900 Conclusions" (1486) he tried to make such a concordance for the first time, however Pico's main attempt in this field was made in 1491 in "De Ente et Uno".

K.P. Schevzov. Memory in the philosophy of Plato and Leibniz monadology

In Plato's philosophy there are two different models of memory. The first deals with teaching and research, and arises in the dialogue of the student with the teacher, or in communication of lovers as an instant awakening to the knowledge of man himself, and liberation from slavish attachment to the sensual world. The memory of the second type is interested in connection with the problem of lie and false statements. An example here is the letter that has its meaning solely for the sensual world and its deceptive strength. As Plato Leibniz recognizes the role of dialogue as a means of remembering, and speaks of memory as a way for monad to maintain and deploy innate knowledge. Leibniz acknowledges, that memory is the principle of individual identity of Self and this coincides with the Platonic doctrine of the individual eidos of soul. For him the memory of the second type is a dark side of monads, potentiality, or virtuality, of monads and in infinite process of deploying of monads this memory must be fully actualized in monads recollection.

Oleg Nogovitsin, St. Petersburg State University . The formal structure of the possibility of practical lie in Plato and Kant

This presentation is dedicated to the research of the formal structure of the question about the possibility of lie in the teaching of Plato. Also ontological and logical aspects of this problem are disputed. The departure point of the Plato's reasoning in the dialogue "Sophist" is the assertion of unthinkability of nonexistence in thought of the unexisting, that one opines to be existing. This assertion implies that in thought the things which are in every way are in no way. But the assertion of unconditional absence of unexisting makes it impossible to distinguish the possible from the actual and also the illusion from the reality. This is true in regard to any particular definition of the existing. That is why such formal process of thinking (the lie is presentation of the existing as unexisting or the unexisting as existing) inevitably brings one in the position of conscious lie. Because it is clear, that the asserting of contradiction in notion on the same matter is not possible without conscious commiting lie. But this doesn't necessarily means the falsity of terms of the given contradiction, which constitutes the real logical problem. The presentation takes this problem as the initial point of clarifying Plato's basic conceptions, such as "existing", "unexisting", "semblance", "apparition", "image". The analysis is performed on the basis of Plato's dialogues Sophist and Statesman.